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May 31, 2018

In the course primary care education, we are taught to examine the reactivity of the pupils to light, and the result is binary – they either constrict or do not. Not much attention was given to the size of the pupil, the speed of constriction, or the duration of constriction.

In a paper published in December 2017

Ultimately, they concluded that changes of pupil size have been identified as a reliable marker of underlying brain a...

May 10, 2018

These researchers found that the signals from the areas of our brain that control for these types of eye movements were significantly reduced, overall, in the TBI group. They also noted that the speed of the eye movements associated with transitioning from near-to-far (divergence) or far-to-near (convergence) was also decreased in those with TBI.

August 22, 2017

This study demonstrates that there are options available for people have sports-related post-concussion syndrome, who have tried traditional therapies, and have had their condition for 6 months or greater. It also suggests that healing from a concussion and reducing the symptoms associated with post-concussion syndrome can be substantially reduced in less than a week, if patients are treated as individuals, not with generic prot...

June 22, 2017

Heiko Braak identified a pattern consisting of six stages of protein deposits in the brain of Parkinson's Disease patients. Each of these stages has been correlated to a clinical presentation. What is often most shocking is the first three stages of Braak's staging, are largely "asymptomatic" to the uninformed individual.  In this article, we will discuss the six stages of Parkinson's Disease and how to ar...

June 18, 2017

In a past post on the history of Parkinson's disease, I discussed a little bit about how we have arrived at our current understanding of this very prevalent neurodegenerative condition. In this blog post, we will discuss how Parkinson's Disease develops from a cellular level, to the functional neurological networks that are affected.

June 13, 2017

Currently in the United States, there are approximately 6.2 million individuals living with Parkinson's Disease, and there are about 630,000 new cases diagnosed each year. And with an estimated cost of $22,800 per person, to maintain the condition, the total economic burden of Parkinson's is substantial, at approximated $14.4 billion. This amount is suspected to double by the year 2040. The history, presentation, and th...